What is Red Coffee Cherry-Berry SuperFruit?
Coffee is the second most popular beverage in the world, exceeded only by water. It’s not too surprising that scientists have begun studying coffee to see what kind of health benefits it possesses. Results have been promising, with both the unroasted, or green, coffee bean and the roasted bean showing evidence of nutritional benefits. However, the coffee bean isn’t the only part of the coffee plant that has come under scientific scrutiny. The coffee fruit, or coffee cherry, is also getting its share of attention.
Coffee plants have been cultivated for centuries. They can be found in countries around the world, especially in those countries situated on the equator. Usually only the seed, called a coffee bean, is used to make the hot beverage we know as coffee. The fruit that surrounds the beans has typically been ignored and tossed away because it had no perceived value to coffee farms and cultivators.
Before you can properly assess and understand what green coffee bean extract is, we must grasp the concept of what all the coffee tree offers. The offspring of the coffee plant is considered a whole coffee fruit, resembling a red cherry berry. This is where the idea of green coffee originates, as the whole coffee cherry-berry contains little green seeds (coffee beans) inside.
Coffee plants produce berries which are clustered on the branches. These berries are originally green, but they ripen into a bright, cherry-like red color. That’s where they get the name “coffee cherry.” On any given plant, there will be a mixture of ripe and unripe fruit. Workers usually handpick the fruit by stripping all the berries from the branches. In the case of certain more rare types of coffee berries, the workers will carefully select the ripe ones and leave the unripe ones to continue growing. Once a coffee cherry is ripe, it must be picked and processed quickly as it will begin to ferment within a few days if left unpicked.
How Coffee Cherry Berries Work
The coffee cherry has several layers. The exocarp, or outermost layer, is a thick, bitter skin. Beneath that is the mesocarp, a grape-like, very sweet pulp. Next is the parenchyma, a slimy layer with the consistency of honey. The parchment-like endocarp and silvery spermoderm cover and protect the two blue-green coffee beans. All of these outer layers, making up approximately 80 percent of the berry, have traditionally been discarded in favor of the two little beans at the center.
That’s too bad. Coffee cherries are fruits high in nutritional value. The fruit of the red coffee cherry contains an exceptionally high level of antioxidants. Some scientists believe that the coffee plants, which typically grow best in warm, sunny regions, developed antioxidants as a defense against their constant exposure to the sun. Since they are unable to move to shelter like humans and animals, these and other plant species evolved their own natural defense. That defense, antioxidants, may work to the benefit of humans when we consume the nutrition-rich plants or use them in topical applications.
Coffee cherry fruit contains more antioxidants than blueberries and pomegranates, two fruits considered superfoods. In scientific studies, coffee berry fruit was shown to protect against the sun’s damaging UVA and UVB rays, the radiation that causes sun burns, premature skin aging and even skin cancer. Scientists theorized that the protection came from the fruit’s antioxidants.
Antioxidants help neutralize free radicals, molecules that have become unbalanced due to the loss of electrons. Free radicals are highly reactive and can cause cell damage. Some scientists theorize that antioxidants’ neutralization of free radicals may help protect cells from damage. Among other health benefits, this could help reduce inflammation and coronary heart disease.
Coffee cherry fruit also has a beneficial effect on glucose management. The fruit contains chlorogenic acid, a compound that inhibits certain enzymes related to glucose production. Chlorogenic acid helps lower blood glucose levels. This can help reduce the risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Although this benefit is also seen in brewed coffee, the higher levels of nutrients in coffee cherries make it even more beneficial.
This bright red coffee fruit that for so long has been the cast-off of the coffee-making industry is finally beginning to get the attention that it deserves. With even more nutritional compounds than coffee itself, the red coffee cherry is beginning to take its place as a useful supplement to a healthy diet.
Make sure you visit our homepage where our motto is “Green Coffee Lives Here” as we continue to spread the health, joy, and abundance the whole red coffee cherry berry fruit provides the world.